Robotics

Robotics – Arduino And Pi Projects – 3D Modelling – Flash Animation – Apps – IT – Plus More

 

 

—– Robots An Overview And A Brief History —–

 

 

An Example Of Some Science Fiction And Fantasise Robots, Androids And Cyborgs Etc :

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— Known Your Robot A B C’s. —

 

AI – Artificial Intelligence :

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Artificial intelligence abbreviated to AI, also known as machine intelligence (MI), is intelligence displayed by machines, in contrast with the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals. In computer science AI research is defined as the study of “intelligent agents”: any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of success at some goal. Colloquially, the term “artificial intelligence” is applied when a machine mimics “cognitive” functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as “learning” and “problem solving”.

Android – Classical Definition :

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In the classical definition, an android is defined as “a robot with a human appearance” or “in the form of a human”, all androids are always in the form of a human, so not all robots are androids but all androids are robots. Originally, the word “android” meant simply “man-like” – andro-man, oid-in the form of, hence all the above “robots” are actually “androids” by classical definition despite the fact that they do not really look like humans at all.

Android – Modern Definition :

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In the modern definition, an android is still defined as “a robot with a human appearance” or “in the form of a human”, however they must pass for a human during daylight hours, and be able to mimic basic human behaviours and actions. Therefore all androids are humanoid robots, but not all humanoid robots are androids by this modern definition. The androids in the above images match more closely our modern idea of an android. It is worth noting the inclusion of the Terminator in the above selection, this is not a mistake. Although many would think the Terminator is a cyborg like Robocop, this is not the case, as Robocop was originally a human who was critically injured and required prostheses to keep him alive, were as the Terminator is a robot, that merely has an outer disguise made of synthetic living human skin, the Terminator is not actually a living being and can not die, it is not dependent upon its organic components and can function with out them, were as Robocop is a living being who can not survive with out his biological parts.

Automaton :

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An automaton, is a moving mechanical device, usually made in imitation of a human being, such as the wooden characters (Called bellstrikers) in some old fashioned town clocks, which are cog and wheel driven. Other automate include children’s toys. An automaton can perform a range of functions according to a predetermined set of coded instructions, automatons were the for runners of robots. The word “automaton” is the latinization of the Greek αὐτόματονautomaton, (neuter) “acting of one’s own will”. This word was first used by Homer to describe automatic door opening, or automatic movement of wheeled tripods.

Bionic :

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Bionics, defined as having or denoting an artificial, typically electromechanical, body part or parts, The word bionic was coined by Jack E. Steele in 1958.

Cyborg :

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A cyborg, short for “cybernetic organism”, is a being with both organic and bio mechatronic or bio mechanical body parts. The term cyborg should not be confused with bionic. The term cyborg was coined in 1960 by Manfred Clynes and Nathan S. Kline.

Droid :

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Droid, comes from a contraction of the word android, used in the fictitious star wars universe franchise, this covers androids mechs and robots etc, but not cyborgs which are still reffed to as cyborgs e.g. Darth Vader or General Grievous.

Exosuit – Powered Exoskeleton :

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A powered exoskeleton, also known as powered armor, power armor, exoframe, hardsuit, or exosuit, is a wearable mobile machine that is powered by a system of electric motors, pneumatics, levers, hydraulics, or a combination of technologies that allow for limb movement with increased strength and endurance.

Mech / Mecha / Meka :

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A mech or mecha (メカ meka), to which we shall refer to only as mecha from hear on, is a term used in science fiction and anime for a type of large, pilotable robot, see also and compare with exosuit. The term mecha may refer to both scientific ideas and science fiction genres that centers on robots or machines controlled by people. Mechas are typically depicted as “walker” types of mobile robotsThese machines vary greatly in size and shape, but are distinguished from vehicles by their humanoid or biomorphic appearance and size, as they are generally significantly larger than human beings. Different subgenres exist with in both anime and science fiction, with varying connotations of realism. The concept of Super Robot and Real Robot are two such examples found in Japanese anime and some science fiction. The term may also refer to real world piloted humanoid robots / non-humanoid robotic platforms, either currently in existence or that are still in the planning or design stage. Alternatively, in the original Japanese context of the word, ‘mecha’ may refer to mobile machinery / vehicles (including aircraft) in general, manned or otherwise.

Mechanoid :

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Mechanoids, appear as regular and recurring fictitious characters in the long running (30 years) British science fiction sitcom Red Dwarf , mechanoid is yet another variation or contraction of the word android, with the prefix “mech” which is it self a contraction of the word mechanical. The above pictures show mostly mechanoids from red dwarf, however they should not be confused with the fictitious characters “the mechanoids” from the doctor who universe.

NB : The forth picture from above and starting from the left (Dalek and Mechanoid), is copy righted and the property off The Colourizer AKA Jack Hyde from his page on Deviantart.Com

Robot :

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A robot, is a machine capable of carrying out a series of complex commands or actions, usually pre programmed by a computer, robots can be autonomous, semi autonomous or completely under human control (Remote control), robots can be either stationary or mobile. The word ‘Robot’ was first used as a word for artificial automata in a play called R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots) 1920 by the Czech writer Karel Čapek. However, Josef Čapek was named by his brother Karel as the true inventor of the term robot. The word ‘robot’ itself was not new, having been in Slavic language as robota which roughly translates as forced labourer, a term which classified those peasants obligated to compulsory service under the feudal system widespread in 19th century europe. Čapek’s fictional story postulated the technological creation of artificial human bodies without souls, and the old theme of the feudal robota class eloquently fit the imagination of a new class of manufactured, artificial workers.

Replicants / Synths / Silicates / Skinjobs :

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Replicants / Synths / Silicates / Skinjobs, ETC, are all fictitious terms used in a various science fiction franchise, all of which denote some from of android or synthetic human or synth for short. For example in the TV series called Humans stylised as HUM∀NS a science fiction television series that debuted on Channel 4 and AMC. based on an award-winning Swedish science fiction drama called Real Humans, the series explores the themes of artificial intelligence and robotics, focusing on the social, cultural, and psychological impact of the invention of anthropomorphic robots called “synths“, these “robots” are actually androids.

 

— In Popular Culture And Media —

 

Music About Or Inspired By Robots :

 

Scandroid – Scandroid – 2016 :

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Scandroid, the modern Synthwave project from Detroit based artist/producer Klayton, best known for his multi-genre project Celldweller, is Klayton’s love letter to the 80s. The debut, self-titled album features 15 tracks, ranging from the driving instrumental energy of “Destination Unknown,” to melodic vocal tracks like “Awakening With You,” “Aphelion,” and “Neo-Tokyo,” rounded out with the cinematic epics “2517” & “Singularity.” As a child of the 80s, Klayton has also included a cover of the classic Tears For Fears song “Shout,” that he has been patiently waiting to cover since he first heard the song on U.S. radio in 1985. The digital album concludes with a bonus remix from synthwave artist Waveshaper. The 72 minute album depicts themes of a cyberpunk future where humans and sentient robots struggle to find a connection in their dystopian world.

Visit Scandroid’s official YouTube Channel

Visit Scandroid On BandCamp.Com

Note From The Website Author :  “This Album Is Freaking Awesome, A Definite 10/10.” – Anthony Matabaro.

 

Le Cassette – Tonight – 2013

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Telefuture presents Le Cassette’s debut release, Left to Our Own Devices, an album nearly two years in the making.  Originally from West Yorkshire, Le Cassette’s members are now spread across England, creating 80’s inspired music from a distance. With careful attention paid to the detail in their production, the band has produced some of the most unique tracks within the genre. In addition to creating music that is compelling, thoughtful, and at times playful, Le Cassette distinguishes themselves with beautifully arranged vocals, taking inspiration from Peter Gabriel, Roxy Music, and Phil Collins (and sometimes, in our opinion, evoking a young David Bowie).

Visit Le Cassette At NewRetroWave On YouTube

Visit Le Cassette On BandCamp.Com

Note From The Website Author :  “This Single Is Another 10/10 For New Retro Wave Fans.” – Anthony Matabaro.

 

 Styx – Mr Roboto – 1983

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Mr. Roboto is a song written by Dennis DeYoung of the band Styx, and recorded on the Styx album Kilroy Was Here. It was also released as a 45 RPM single in a 4:44 radio edit, which has the synthesizer intro removed.

The song’s chorus features the line, “Dōmo arigatō, Mr. Roboto“, which has become a catchphrase.

The Japanese lyrics at the beginning of the song are as follows:

どうもありがとうミスターロボット (Dōmo arigatō misutā robotto)
また会う日まで (Mata au hi made)
どうもありがとうミスターロボット (Dōmo arigatō misutā robotto)
秘密を知りたい (Himitsu o shiritai)

The lyrics translate into English as follows:

Thank you very much, Mr. Roboto
Until the day we meet again
Thank you very much, Mr. Roboto
I want to know your secret

The lyric “Dōmo arigatō, Mr. Roboto” has entered popular culture, and it is used in media such as The SimpsonsFuturamaArrested Development,Eight Crazy NightsAustin Powers in Goldmember and The Perfect Man.

NB : The third picture from above and starting from the left (MASK – MR. ROBOTO), is copyright ALIENBIKER23 from the website NeatShop.Com.

Read The Full Article On Wikipedia Here.

Listen To The Full Song Here

Note From The Website Author :  “This Single Is An 80’s Classic Of  Synthpop.” – Anthony Matabaro.

 

Kraftwerk – Die Roboter – 1978, ( The Robots )

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Die Roboter, “Tthe Robots” is a single by German electronic music group, Kraftwerk, released in 1978. The single and its B-side, “Spacelab”, both appeared on the band’s seventh albumThe Man-Machine. However, the songs as they appear on the single were scaled down into shorter versions.

Listen To The Full song Here.

Note From The Website Author :  “This Is A Classic Electronic Album.” – Anthony Matabaro.

 

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